Arithmetic Activities For Children
There are multiple ways in which a child can learn arithmetic. Most of kids like to learn while playing.
Ancient India system used to teach kids in similar ways (play and learn). Elder in family used to engage kids with similar games. This ways kids will develop there arithmetic with unconscious awareness. Even I still remember boards game which we used to play when we are kids like Snakes and Ladders , Ludo, Chinese Checker and many more.
Even when you are on move or doing some activities,we can still help them to learn
- While travelling, play a guessing game with your child. First let him get a feeling of one kilometer.Then keep asking him from time to time to guess the distance covered from one point to the other.
- Ask your child to write the names of all the months, from January to December, and write against each month, the number of days it has, and let him total it up and find out the total number of days in a year.
- If you have a kitchen scale, give him a few things and ask him to find out another thing that weigh exactly the same as the one you gave.
- Dictate a few numbers, e.g. 3,529; 9,272; 2,102; 6,500; 7,059; 3,450;2,064; etc.You write a few numbers on a paper and let your child read them.
Problems based on arithmetic operations
- You have 13 stamps. If your friend gives you 10 stamps, how many will you have?
- You have 22 teeth. If two teeth fall off, how many will you have?
- The cost of one pencil is Rs.1.00. If you have to buy 6 pencils, how many rupees should you spend?
- I made 12 chapatis. If I serve them equally, to you, your brother and your friend, how many will each of you get?
- Ask orally, what is 2+5? the child says 7; what is 7+3? the child says 10; you ask, what is 10+5? then child says 15; and so on . Continue as long as your is interested.
Ask Question related to Shapes
- Ask your child to draw parallel lines, intersecting lines, vertical line, horizontal line, oblique line, zig-zag line etc., on a paper, as you mention them, one after the other.
- Ask your child to draw the geometrical figures such as circle, triangle, square, rectangle, parallelogram, rhombus, oval, ellipse, pentagon, hexagon, heptagon, octagon, nonagon and decagon, as you mention them.
- Ask your child to write about each figure. E.g. “The triangle has 3 sides and 3 angles”.
- Ask your child to have a foolscap paper in front of him.Then you give instructions and let your child follow them.
- Let your child draw the faces of clocks and mark the position of the minutes and the hours hands and write beside each clock face, what he does from the time he wakes up till the time he goes to bed.
Problem based on metric unit
- Give a measuring tape to your child and ask him to measure the height, length and breadth of different things at home, e.g. table, sofa,bed, refrigerator, etc.
- After your child has enough experience, play a guessing game. Ask your child to guess the length of the table, height of the refrigerator, etc.
What more …
You can find your own way that your child enjoys.
Note-Using fingers for adding or subtracting must be discouraged.